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Word(Pronunciation) Meaning
Hachi(ha' chee)
Head. Described in many terms such as Ban (meaning plate), Kao (face), and Men (face). The head is often considered the most striking and important part of Nishikigoi. The pattern on the head, and the clarity of tis Shiroji are especially important.
(ha' chee wa reh)
Divided Head. Hachi means "head," Ware means "dividing." Sumi pattern that divides the head, seen on Shiro Utsuri; Showa, Kin Showa and other Utsuri. Also called Menware. Men means "face," but in Koi, both "head" and "face" refer to the same thing, and are thus used interchangeably. Sumi of the head that appears on the Utsurimono family, such as Showa. Good Hachiware runs from the mouth to the shoulder in an Inazuma pattern, and makes the Koi's pattern appear to be more dynamic.
(ha geh' she row)
Hajiro with white head.
(ha jee' row)

Black scaled Koi with white or white tipped pectoral fins and a white belly. A Hageshiro is a Hajiro with a white head. Doitsu Yotsushiro is a scaleless black Koi with 4 white parts: the nose, tail and both pectoral fins. Yotsu means 4, Shiro means white - thus a black Koi with 4 white parts, which is the basis for Kumonryu.
(ha' kah mah hah kee)
Koi wearing pants. Nishikigoi with a second half that has little Shiroji and is heavily covered in pattern. A Koi that appears heavy-looking , as if it were wearing pants. The opposite would be a Koi with little or no pattern on the second half, which is called Bongiri.
Hanagara Moyo
(ha' nah gah rah moy' oh)
Flower pattern. Hi pattern that looks like blooming flowers.
(ha' rab oh the)
Fat Bodied. Body conformation is very important in judging Koi. The body conformation that allows the Koi to swim through the water without creating any pressure is considered ideal. A Koi that is too fat and has a big tummy is called Harabote and is not desirable.
(ha' ree wah keh)
Hikarimono Muji that have a metallic white ground with yellow to red patterns. As the variety was developed, the pattern came in all shades between yellow and red, but Koi with good red patterns became a separate variety called Kikusui which is basically a metallic Kohaku. Originally, the word refered to the contrast of gold and platinum.
Hasami Zumi
(ha' sam ee zoo' mee)
Sumi Between. Sumi between the Hi plates. Term used to describe Sumi on Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). Hasami Sumi is located in narrow Shiroji areas rather than appearing in the Hi plates.
Hashiri Zumi
(ha' she ree zoo' mee)
Running Sumi. Hashiri means "run." Sumi that is scattered in stripes (rather than Motoguro) on the pectoral fins of Showa. The term is also used to describe the striped Sumi on the pectoral fins of Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). This term is used only for the pectoral and tail fins, but not for Sumi on the body.
Heisei Nishiki
(hay' say knee' she key)
See Doitsu Yamato Nishiki.
Hi(hee) Red; while Hi, Aka and Beni all mean "red", there are subtle distinctions of usage, terms are really understood by their common use in Koi culture.
Higoi(hee goy') Solid red Koi that is lighter in red than Benigoi, also referred to as Aka Muji.
Hikari(hee' ca ree) metallic, there are 3 classes of Hikarimono: Hikari Muji (including Platinum and Yamabuki), Hikarimoyo (including Kujyaku), and Hikari Utsuri (including Kin Showa, Gin Shiro Utsuri, and Kin Ki Utsuri).
(he' kah ree mow know)
Metallic class. Nishikigoi with shiny, metallic bodies that were developed from the original Ogon.
(hee' koh bow ray)
Stray Hi spots. A small Hi that is separated from the other Hi plates. Also called Tobi Hi. It is not desirable and is usually an unnecessary Hi, but it could be a good accent in a Kohaku that has too much Shiroji.
Hi-moyo(hee moy' oh) Red pattern, as in Kohaku.
Himo Zumi
(hee' mow zoo' mee)
String Sumi. A shape of Sumi that is long and thin like a string (Himo), but is not necessarily straight. Usually used to describe Sumi on Showa and Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). Sumi tends to become thick, but when it appears in a thin and artistic pattern, it makes the Koi very attractive. Depending on the direction the pattern runs, it may also be Tate Zumi (parallel to the dorsal fin), Obi Zumi (crossing the dorsal fin and looking like an Obi) or Tasukigake (diagonal).
Hi Mura(hee moo' rah) Inconsistency in Hi color. Hi needs to be consistent everywhere on the body. Hi can become more uniform as the Koi grows and carotene accumulates. Kokesuki refers to scales that fade or lose color and result in Hi Mura.
Hi Showa
(hee show' wah)
Red Showa. Showa with many Hi plates and very little Shiroji. It is not a variety name, but rather a description of the amount of Hi verses Shiroji. Since Kindai Showa Sanshoku that have a lot of Shiroji came to be more available, the traditional or older type of Showa came to be called Hi Showa.
Hitomomi Zumi
(hee' toh mow mee zoo' mee)
Hito pattern. "V"or "Y" shaped Hachiware Zumi pattern.The shape looks like the Japanese character el(Hito). This is why it is called a Hitomoji (Moji means character) pattern.
(hohn' may bar rah)
The favorite parent out of many parental Nishikigoi.
Houki Zumi
(ho' kee zoo' mee)
Broom Sumi. Houki means "broom." Sumi that looks like it was swept with a broom. Striped Sumi pattern seen on the pectoral fins or tail fin of Taisho Sanshoku (Sanke). Also called Hashiri Zumi ("running" Sumi) or Tejima ("hand striped"). A few light stripes are desirable. Extremely strong stripes are not as favored.

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Nishikigoi Dictionary
Koi Disease
Nishikigoi Mondo